were arch satirists of popular culture whose outrageous performance art concepts -- which swung wildly from softcore pornography to suit-and-tie conservatism -- frequently eclipsed their elusive musical identity. The beginnings of the group originated in Phoenix, Arizona in the late '60s, where guitarist
formed as the Beans (alternately billing themselves as the Radar Men from Uranus). After moving to San Francisco in 1972, the Beans recruited guitarist
Over the course of the next few years, the Tubes
earned a devoted cult following on the strength of Spooner
's parodic songs and the group's surreal live shows, which featured Waybill
adopting a variety of personae including the "crippled Nazi" Dr. Strangekiss, country singer Hugh Heifer, and Quay Lewd, a drug-addled British pop star. After signing to A&M in 1975, they released their self-titled debut, followed a year later by Young and Rich
; while both failed to transfer the manic energy and theatrical complexity of their live set onto record, the single "White Punks on Dope" became a minor hit and a radio staple.
After 1977's failed concept record The Tubes Now, the group toured England, where a series of banned performances made them a media sensation. However, during the recording of the concert LP What Do You Want from Live?, Waybill
broke his leg on-stage while acting out his punk character Johnny Bugger; the remainder of the tour was canceled, and with it died the band's chart momentum. After returning to the U.S., they recruited producer Todd Rundgren
and recorded 1979's Remote Control
, a concept album exploring the influence of television; when it met a similar commercial fate as its predecessors, the Tubes
were dropped by A&M.
After signing to Capitol, they recorded 1981's Completion Backwards Principle
, an album based on an actual sales training instruction manual; both "Talk to You Later" and "Don't Want to Wait Anymore" earned significant radio play, and the LP became the Tubes
' first Top 40 hit. Thanks to its provocative video, the single "She's a Beauty" reached the Top Ten, and pushed the 1983 LP Outside/Inside
into the Top 20 Albums chart; after 1985's Love Bomb
stiffed, however, the Tubes
disbanded, and Welnick
later joined the Grateful Dead
(long suffering from depression, he committed suicide in June 2006).
In 1993, the Tubes
reunited; consisting of Waybill
, and new keyboardist Gary Cambra
, they toured the U.S. and Europe before releasing a new LP, Genius of America
, in 1996. Spooner
also issued his own solo record, Mall to Mars
. In 2000, the Tubes
embarked on another extensive tour, issuing the live greatest-hits album Tubes World Tour
to commemorate the event. The band appeared at London's Shepherd's Bush Empire in December 2004, and the show was documented on the CD Wild in London, released the following year.